The Open Knowledge Foundation is an english non-for-profit organization whose objective is to promote open knowledge, defined as:
Any content, information or data that people are free to use, re-use and redistribute — without any legal, technological or social restriction. The main principles are:
- Free and open access to the material
- Freedom to redistribute the material
- Freedom to reuse the material
- No restriction of the above based on who someone is (e.g. their nationality) or their field of endeavour (e.g. commercial or non-commercial)
The main purpose seems to be to apply to culture and knowledge the same principles that were developed for free and open source software. To achieve their objectives they work on several projects, a couple of which revolve around the idea of open data and open government too. Some of their projects are:
- Where Does My Money Go?
A tool to visualize data on public finance for the UK.
- Public Domain Works
A catalog of artistic works (currently limited to books and sound recordings) in the public domain.
- Open Shakespeare
The complete works of Shakespeare, with notes and tools like search and text analysis.
- Open Data Commons
Legal solutions and licenses to publish data sets.
- Open Textbooks
A registry of textbooks free to use and distribute.